COECSA, Journal, Ophthalmology
JOECSA Vol 22 Issue 2



How to Cite

Nyenze, E. (2020). JOECSA Vol 22 Issue 2. The Journal of Ophthalmology of Eastern, Central and Southern Africa, 22(2). Retrieved from


Though contemporary recorded history gives a lot of
prominence to the rise and development of ophthalmology
in western civilization, the birthplace of ophthalmology
is arguably in Africa. There is archaeological evidence
of an oculist in the Egyptian court as early as 2500BC.
Egyptian papyrus records from 1600BC have an entire
section devoted to eye disease and couching was already
being practiced. Ophthalmology has evolved from
these early descriptions of eye conditions, through the
elucidation of ocular anatomy and to interventions to
improve and even restore eye health.



Neumann R, Tan KK. From PhD to initial employment: the doctorate in a knowledge economy. Studies Higher Educ. 2011; 36(5): 601-614. DOI: 10.1080/03075079.2011.5945962. IJsselmuiden CB, Nchinda TC, Duale D, Tumwesigyed NM, Serwadda D. Mapping Africa’s advanced public health education capacity: the Afri Health project. Bull World Health Org. 2007; 85:914–922.3. Raddon A, Sung J. 2009. The career choices and impact of PhD graduates in the UK: A Synthesis Review. Accessed 15th August 2018.4. Vitae Researcher Development Framework Accessed 19th August 2018.43Journal


Download data is not yet available.