COECSA, Journal, Ophthalmology
Impairment of vision among commercial motorcyclists (Bodaboda riders) in Uganda
Download PDF Article


Visual Impairment
Commercial motocyclists


How to Cite

Lusobya RC, Ssali-Nsibirwa G, Kiggundu JB, Atukunda I, Samia HA, Otiti- Sengeri J. (2023). Impairment of vision among commercial motorcyclists (Bodaboda riders) in Uganda. The Journal of Ophthalmology of Eastern, Central and Southern Africa, 15(01). Retrieved from


Background: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with impaired vision among commercial motorcyclists (bodaboda) riders in Uganda.

Objective: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with impaired vision among commercial motocyclists (bodaboda) riders in Uganda.Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study done in Kawempe South division in Kampala district. Socio-demographic characteristics, relevant medical and riding history were recorded. All riders underwent a general medical examination and a detailed ocular examination which included vision, anterior and posterior segment assessment. A rider with impaired vision was defined as one whose presenting visual acuity was 6/12 or less in either eye.

Results: Seven hundred and twenty four male riders, aged between 17 to 56 years (mean 30.3 years, Standard deviation=7.2 years) were recruited. Thirty riders (4.1%, 95%CI: 2.7- 5.6) had impaired vision in either eye. Eight riders (1.1%) had visual impairment in both eyes. The ocular disorders associated with impaired vision included: refractive errors 12 (40%), uveitis 6 (20%) and anophthalmic socket 4 (13.3%), ptosis 2 (6.7%), amblyopia 2 (6.7%) corneal scar 2 (6.7%) and cataract 2 (6.7%).

Conclusion: A significant proportion of bodaboda riders in Kampala have impaired vision. The causes of impaired vision were ocular disorders that are treatable and reversible if diagnosed early.

Download PDF Article


Biza M, Mossie A, Woldemichael K, Gelaw Y. among drivers in Jimma Town, Southwest Ethiopia. Ethiopian Med J. 2013; 51(2):123-132.

Pascolini SP, Mariotti D. Global estimates of visual impairment: 2010. Br J Ophthalmol. 2012; 96 (5): 614-616.

Fotouhi A, Hashemi H, Mohammad K, Jalali K. The prevalence and causes of visual impairment in Tehran: the Tehran Eye Study. Br J Ophthalmol. 2004; 88(6): 740-745.

Owsley C, McGwin G. Vision impairment and driving. Survey Ophthalmol. 1999; 43(6): 535-550.5. Lachenmayr B, Berger J, Buser A, Keller O. Reduced visual capacity increases the risk of

J Trauma Management

Outcomes. 2012; 6(1):2-8.

Ovenseri-Ogomo G, Adofo M. Poor vision,

refractive errors and barriers to treatment among

commercial vehicle drivers in the Cape Coast

municipality. Afr Health Sci. 2011; 11(1):97-102.

Haliza M, Norliza A. Visual problems of new

Malaysian drivers. Malaysian Fam Phys. 2012; 5(2):5.

Bekibele C, Ajav R, Asuzu M. Eye health of

professional drivers of a Nigerian university.

The Nigerian Postgraduate Med J. 2009;


Oladehinde, Adegbehingbe BO, Adeoye A,

Onakoya A. Central nervous system stimulants:

effect on visual functions and occurrence of

Ann Ital Chir. 2009;


Okoye O. Eye injury requiring hospitalisation in

Enugu Nigeria: A one-year survey. Nigerian J

Surg Res. 2006; 8(1):34-37.

Enock ME, Omoti AE, Alikah AA. Risk factors

presented in suburban tertiary care hospital in

Nigeria. Saudi Med J. 2007; 28(9): 1385-88.

motorcycle-related ocular trauma in a Tertiary

Hospital. Philippine J Ophthalmol. 2012;


Faal H, Minassian D, Sowa S, Foster A. National

survey of blindness and low vision in The Gambia:

results. Br J Ophthalmol. 1989; 73(2):82-87.

Foster A, Resnikoff S. The impact of Vision 2020

on global blindness. Eye. 2005; 19(10):1133-35.

Huang FC, Chen WJ, Shih MH. Paederus-induced

keratitis. Cornea. 2010; 29(8):941-943.

AI-Ourainy I, Dutton G, Stassen L, Moos K,

EI-Attar A. The characteristics of midfacial

fractures and the association with ocular injury: a

prospective study. Br J Oral Maxillofacial Surg.

; 29(5), 291-301.


Download data is not yet available.