COECSA, Journal, Ophthalmology
Haemorrhagic retinal arterial macroaneursym: a case report
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Retinal arterial macroaneurysms
Retinal vascular diseases
Vitreous haemorrhage


How to Cite

Kayange PC, Gandiwa M, Manda CS. (2023). Haemorrhagic retinal arterial macroaneursym: a case report. The Journal of Ophthalmology of Eastern, Central and Southern Africa, 15(01). Retrieved from


Retinal Arterial Macroaneurysms (RAMs) are acquired saccular or fusiform dilatations of the large branches of
retinal arteries, usually within the first three orders of bifurcation. RAMs are rare conditions and usually affect
hypertensive elderly women. In clinical practice, RAMs are frequently misdiagnosed as they masquerade
other retinal conditions. We present a case of haemorrhagic RAM which was initially misdiagnosed as vitreous
haemorrhages secondary to retinal vein occlusion or posterior vitreous detachment.

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