COECSA, Journal, Ophthalmology
Knowledge, attitude and practices among medical officers and diabetic patients regarding diabetic retinopathy in Ogun state of Nigeria
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Medical Officers
Diabetic Retinopathy
Ogun State


How to Cite

Bogunjoko TJ. (2023). Knowledge, attitude and practices among medical officers and diabetic patients regarding diabetic retinopathy in Ogun state of Nigeria. The Journal of Ophthalmology of Eastern, Central and Southern Africa, 15(01). Retrieved from


Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) among Medical
Officers (MO) and diabetic patients in Ogun State of Nigeria.

Design: This was a cross-sectional study.

Setting: Diabetic clinics based in three hospitals in Ogun state.

Methods: Medical officers in all the general hospitals were interviewed via telephone while one teaching hospital
and two state hospitals were randomly selected to conduct face-to-face interviews with diabetic patients. Data
obtained from these interviews was filled into a structured questionnaire.

Results: All the medical officers in the general hospitals were aware that DM affects the eyes while 43% believed
that diabetic patients need a monthly eye examination. About 36% examined the eyes of diabetic patients on
each visit. All medical officers would refer a diabetic with poor vision to an ophthalmologist. Majority (75%) of
the patients recruited were female. Fifty-one per cent of patients were not aware that diabetes affects the eyes
while only 35% had ever had a fundoscopy.

Conclusions: The medical officers in the general hospitals in the state are all aware that diabetes can cause DR
but don’t have eye clinics. Less than half of them (43%) screen for DR. Known diabetics are not having regular
eye examination.

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